San Pedro References
The following is an incomplete list of published and unpublished documents, web pages, manuscripts and conference papers that refer to the geology, archaeology, history, ecology, natural resources of the area.
Please feel free to contact us if you have more references that could augment this list.
Archaeological and Historical References on the Middle/Lower San Pedro Valley
Publications specifically about the middle-lower San Pedro area.
Available from the Center for Desert Archaeology, Tucson, AZ
One Valley, Many Histories: Tohono O'odham, Hopi, Zuni, and Western Apache History in the San Pedro Valley. Archaeology Southwest, Volume 18-1 (Winter 2004).
Preservation Archaeology in the San Pedro Valley. Archaeology Southwest, Volume 17-3 (Summer 2003).
The Centuries before Coronado: The Classic Period on the San Pedro River. Archaeology in Tucson, Volume 9-2 (Spring 1995).
Other Reports, Books, Articles that refer specifically to the Middle/Lower San Pedro Valley
Alexander, J. C.
1969 Massacre at Camp Grant. Mankind 1(11):34-40.
Altschul, Jeffrey H., and Bruce A. Jones
1990 Settlement Trends in the Middle San Pedro Valley: A Cultural Resources Sample Survey on the Fort Huachuca Military Reservation. Technical Series No. 19. Statistical Research, Tucson.
Althschul, Jeffrey, Rein Vanderpot, Robert Heckman, and Cesar Quijada
1997 The Periods Between: Archaic and Formative Cultures of the Upper and Middle San Pedro Valley. Paper presented for the 1997 Amerind Foundation Seminar The Archaeology of a Land Between: Regional Dynamics in the Prehistory and History of Southeastern Arizona.
Anza, Juan Baptista de.
1771 Anza to Vildozola Letter Concerning Tubac Presidio’s Preparations Apache Campaign. AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 093, FF.353-355. Document on file at the Office of Ethnohistorical Research, Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, Tucson.
1976 The Camp Grant Massacre. Simon and Schuster, New York.
1892 Final Report of Investigations Among the Indians of the Southwestern United States, Carried on Mainly in the Years from 1880-1885.
Papers of the Archaeological Institute of America, Part II, American Series 4. John Wilson and Son, Cambridge.
Barnes, W. C.
1935 Arizona Place Names. University of Arizona Bulletin, General Bulletin, No. 2. Tucson.
2005 Common Purposes, Worlds Apart: Mexican-American, Mormon and Midwestern Women Homesteaders in Cochise County, Arizona, Western Historical Quarterly (Winter)
1936 Rim of Christendom: A Biography of Eusebio Francisco Kino, Pacific Coast Pioneer. MacMillan, New York.
1984 Rim of Christendom: A Biography of Eusebio Francisco Kino, Pacific Coast Pioneer. (Third Edition) University of Arizona, Tucson.
1979 Arizona BB:11:2 Redington Ruin: Report on the Excavation of Feature #1. Unpublished manuscript.
Bronitsky, Gordon, and James D. Merritt
1986 The Archaeology of Southeast Arizona: A Class I Cultural Resource Inventory. Cultural Resource Series No. 2. Bureau of Land Management, Arizona State Office, Phoenix.
2000 Enju: The Life and Struggle of an Apache Chief from the Little Running Water. Originally published in 1982. iUniverse, Lincoln..
Bureau of Land Management
1996 Cascabel BLM Ecosystem Management Plan. Ms. on file, Bureau of Land Management, Tucson Field Office.
Carpenter, Alice, and Linda Gregonis
1996 The Feather Prince: A Personal Narrative of Southeastern Arizona Prehistory. Journal of the Southwest 38(3):299-342.
Clark, Jeffery J.
1995 Domestic Architecture in the Early Classic Period. In The Roosevelt Community Development Study: New Perspectives on Tonto Basin Prehistory,
edited by M. D. Elson, M. T. Stark, and D. A. Gregory, pp. 251-305. Anthropological Papers No. 15. Center for Desert Archaeology, Tucson.
2002 Domestic Architecture, Site Structure, and Settlement Intensity. In 2000 Years of Settlement in the Tonto Basin: Overview and Synthesis of the Tonto Creek Archaeological Project (draft), edited by J. Clark and J. Vint, pp. 63-96. Anthropological Papers 25. Center for Desert Archaeology, Tucson.
2003a The Camp Grant Massacre in the Historical Imagination. Journal of the Southwest 45(3):349-369.
2003b Western Apache Oral Histories and Traditions of the Camp Grant Massacre. American Indian Quarterly 27(3/4):639-666.
2007 Massacre at Camp Grant: Forgetting and Remembering Apache History. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
1993 Redfield Canyon Pipeline Replacement. Letter Report (ASM Project #1993-063). Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd., Tempe.
Dale, JacquieDuffen, William
2006 Recording the Munguia Homestead. Glyphs: The Monthly Newsletter of the Arizona Archaeological and Historical Society. 56(11):6-7. Available online in PDF file at:
Di Peso, Charles
1953 The Sobaipuri Indians of the Upper San Pedro Valley. The Amerind Foundation 6. Dragoon, Arizona.
1958a The Reeve Ruin of Southeastern Arizona. The Amerind Foundation 8. Dragoon, Arizona.
1958b Western Puebloan Intrusion into the San Pedro Valley. The Kiva 23(4):12-16.
1980 The Hohokam and the O’otam. In Current Issues in Hohokam Prehistory: Proceedings of a Symposium, edited by D. Doyel and F. Plog, pp. 224-230. Anthropological Research Papers No. 23. Arizona State University, Tempe.
Dobyns, Henry F. , Theodore Bundy, James E. Officer, and Richard W. Stoffle
1996 Los Tres Alamos del Rio San Pedro: The Peculiar Persistence of a Place Name, Unpublished Manuscript on file at Arizona Historical Society, Tucson.
1980 Comments on Papers by Di Peso and Masse. In Current Issues in Hohokam Prehistory: Proceedings of a Symposium, edited by D. Doyel and F. Plog, pp. 231-242. Anthropological Research Papers No. 23. Arizona State University, Tempe.
1995 The Centuries Before Coronado: The Classic Period on the San Pedro River. Archaeology in Tucson 9(2):1-6.
Doelle, William H., and Henry D. Wallace
1997 A Classic Period Platform Mound System on the Lower San Pedro River, Southern Arizona. In Prehistory of the Borderlands: Recent Research in the Archaeology of Northern Mexico and the Southern Southwest, edited by J. Carpenter and G. Sanchez, pp. 71-84. Archaeological Series No. 186. Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, Tucson.
1936 Development of Human Culture in the San Pedro River Valley, Arizona. Unpublished M.A. Thesis, University of Arizona.
Duffen, William, and William Hartmann
1997 The 76 Ranch Ruin and the Location of Chichiticale. In The Coronado Expedition to Tierra Neuva: The 1540-1542 Route across the Southwest, edited by R. Flint and S. Flint, pp. 190-211. University of Colorado Press, Niwot.
History and Scope of the Amerind Foundation. The Kiva 42(3-4):317-329.
Ferg, Alan and Amadeo M. Rea
1983 Prehistoric Bird Bone from the Big Ditch Site, Arizona. Journal of Ethnobiology 3(2):99-108.
Fewkes, J. Walter
1909 Prehistoric Ruins of the Gila Valley. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 52(4):403-436.
1980 Excavations at Second Canyon Ruin, San Pedro Valley, Arizona. Contribution to Highway Salvage Archaeology in Arizona No. 60. Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, Tucson.
Franklin, Hayward, and W. Bruce Masse
1976 The San Pedro Salado: A Case of Prehistoric Migration. The Kiva 42(1):47-56.
1975 Drought-Correlated Changes in Two Prehistoric Communities in Southeastern Arizona. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Chicago.
Gilpin, Dennis, and David Philips
1999 The Prehistoric to Historic Transition Period in Arizona, circa A.D. 1519-1692. SWCA, Inc., Flagstaff
Gladwin, Winifred, and Harold S.
1935 The Eastern Range of the Red-on-Buff Culture. Medallion Papers No. 16. Gila Pueblo, Globe, Arizona.
Gregonis, Linda, and W. Bruce Masse (editors)
1996 Alice Hubbard Carpenter: The Legacy and Context of a Southwestern Avocational Archaeologist. Journal of the Southwest 38(3).
1971 The Peppersauce Wash Project: A Preliminary Report on the Salvage Excavation of Four Archaeological Sites in the San Pedro Valley, Southeastern Arizona. Arizona State Museum, Tucson.
Hammond, George P.
1929 The Camp Grant Massacre: A Chapter in Apache History. Proceedings of the Pacific Coast Branch of the American Historical Association, Berkeley.
Hartmann, William, and Richard Flint
2001 Migrations in Late Anasazi Prehistory: “Eyewitness” Testimony. Kiva 66(3):375-385.
Hastings, James E.
1959 The Tragedy at Camp Grant in 1871. Arizona and the West 1(2): 146-160.
1947 A Large Pre-Columbian Copper Bell from the Southwest. American Antiquity 13(1):80-82.
1996 Reminiscences. Journal of the Southwest 38(3):251-257.
1952 Upper San Pedro Basin, Cochise County. In Groundwater in the Gila River Basin and Adjacent Areas, Arizona: A Summary, by L. Halpenny. U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report No. 29.
Larson, Louise Fenn
1999 Pomerene, Arizona, and the Valley of the San Pedro: A History. Cox Printing, Mesa, Arizona.
Lascaux, Annick, and David P. Doak
1997 A Class III Archaeological Inventory of 3600 Acres Near Mammoth, Pinal County, Arizona: A BHP Copper Project. Archaeological Report 97-97. SWCA, Inc.,
Environmental Consultants, Tucson.
2005 Soza Phase Sites In The Lower San Pedro Valley, Arizona. Unpublished M.A. Thesis, University of Arizona.
2000 A Cultural Resources Survey in Advance of Proposed Improvements at the A7 Ranch near Redington in Pima and Cochise Counties, Arizona. Project Report No. 00-126. Desert Archaeology, Inc., Tucson.
2001a A Cultural Resources Survey in Advance of Additional Proposed Improvements at the A7 Ranch near Redington in Pima and Cochise Counties, Arizona. Project Report No. 01-103. Desert Archaeology, Inc., Tucson.
2001b A Cultural Resources Survey in Advance of a Third Round of Proposed Improvements at the A7 Ranch near Redington in Pima and Cochise Counties, Arizona. Project Report No. 01-135. Desert Archaeology, Inc., Tucson.
2003 Ancestral Hopi Migrations, University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
2003 Las Capas: An Early Agricultural Site in a Southwestern Floodplain (Draft). Anthropological Papers No. 28. Center for Desert Archaeology, Tucson.
1991 Archaeological Monitoring of the U.S. West Communications Underground Fiber Optic Line, Mammoth to Dudleyville, Pinal County, Arizona. Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd, Tempe.
Masse, W. Bruce
1980 The Hohokam of the Lower San Pedro Valley and the Northern Papagueria: Continuity and Variability in Two Regional Populations. In Current Issues in Hohokam Prehistory: Proceedings of a Symposium, edited by D. Doyel and F. Plog, pp. 205-223. Anthropological Research Papers No. 23. Arizona State University, Tempe.
1981 A Reappraisal of the Protohistoric Sobaipuri Indians of Southeastern Arizona. In The Protohistoric Period in the North American Southwest, A.D. 1450-1700, edited by D. Wilcox and W. B. Masse, pp. 28-56. Anthropological Research Papers No. 24. Arizona State University, Tempe.
1996 Alice Hubbard Carpenter. Journal of the Southwest 38(3):259-278.
Masse, W. Bruce
1985 The Peppersauce Wash Project: Excavation at Three Multicomponent Sites in the Lower San Pedro Valley, Arizona. Contribution to Highway Salvage in Arizona 53. Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, Tucson.
1958 Reckless, Romantic Redington. Arizona Highways. May 1958:34-39.
1940 Pioneer Rancher Enumerated For First Time in 55 Years. Arizona Daily Star, 18 April:3.
2001 House of Hope. Arizona Highways. 77(1):12-17.
Neitzel, Jill E. (editor)
1999 Great Towns and Regional Polities in the Prehistoric American Southwest and Southeast. New World Studies Series No. 3. Amerind Foundation and University of
New Mexico Press. Dragoon, Arizona, and Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Officer, James E.
1987 Hispanic Arizona, 1536-1856. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
Oury, William S.
1879 Historical Truth: The So-called “Camp Grant Massacre” of 1871. Arizona Weekly Star, July 3rd edition.
Sauer, Carl, and Donald Brand
1930 Pueblo Sites in Southeastern Arizona. Publications in Geography 3(7): 415-458.
Sayre, Nathan F.
2004 A History of Land Use and Natural Resources in the Cascabel-Redington Area of the San Pedro Valley. Lower San Pedro Watershed Assessment Task 3, WPF #00-109. Report on file with Redington Natural Resource Conservation District, Pomerene, AZ or by downloading the PDF file (PDF is approximately 18.5 MB in size).
Seymour, Deni J.2008 Delicate Diplomacy on a Restless Frontier: Seventeenth-Century Sobaípuri Social And Economic Relations
in Northwestern New Spain, Part II. New Mexico Historical Review,Volume 83, No. 2.
2008 Father Kino's 'Neat Little House and Church' at Guevavi. Journal of the Southwest. Winter 2008.
2007 Delicate Diplomacy on a Restless Frontier: Seventeenth-Century Sobaípuri Social And Economic Relations
in Northwestern New Spain, Part I. New Mexico Historical Review Volume 82, No. 4
2003 Sobaipuri-Pima Occupation in the
Upper San Pedro Valley: San Pablo de Quiburi. New Mexico Historical Review 78(2):147-166.
1993 In Search of the Sobaipuri Pima: Archaeology of the Plain and Subtle. Archaeology in Tucson 7(1):1-4. Center for Desert Archaeology, Tucson.
1990 Sobaipuri-Pima Settlement Along the Upper San Pedro River: A Thematic Survey. Report submitted to the Bureau of Land Management. On file at the Arizona State Museum, Tucson.1989 The Dynamics of Sobaipuri Settlement in the Eastern Pimeria Alta. Journal of the Southwest 31(2):205-222.
Slawson, Laurie, and Mark Sullivan.
1993 A Cultural Resources Inventory of 67 Miles along the San Pedro Highway in Southeastern Arizona. Technical Series No. 38. Cultural and Environmental Systems, Inc., Tucson.
1994 Mexican Homesteaders in the San Pedro River Valley and the Homestead Act of May 20, 1862. Online at http://parenteyes.arizona.edu/booksbyedwardsoza/ mexicanhomesteaders/index.html.
1995 New World Odyssey, A Search for Roots: the Sosa, Soza Families of Arizona. Online at: http://parentseyes.arizona.edu/booksbyedwardsoza/newworldodyssey/index.html.
1995 A Barebones Accounting of Some Significant Happenings along the San Pedro River.
Unpublished manuscript. Available online at: http://www.cascabel.org/what.html
1947 The Tres Alamos Site on the San Pedro River, Southeastern Arizona. The Amerind Foundation 4. Dragoon, Arizona. pg. 15
1992aA Cultural Resources Survey of 7.7 Miles of 200 Ft. Wide Right-of-way along State Route 77 North of Mammoth, Pinal County, Arizona. Archaeological Research Services, Inc., Tempe.
1992bLost and Found: An Update on AZ BB:2:3 (ASM), a Salado Platform Mound Site in the Lower San Pedro Valley. Unpublished paper available upon request from the author at Archaeological Research Services, Inc., Tempe.
1997 An Archaeological Survey of 50 Acres near the Bingham Cienega, Pima County, Arizona
References to Hydrological and Watershed Studies on the Middle/Lower San Pedro River Valley
The following is an incomplete list of publications, websites, maps that have to do with the hydrology or watershed of the middle to lower San Pedro River basin. If you have any other references that you would like to include, please email us at:firstname.lastname@example.org.
Redington NRCD Lower San Pedro Watershed Study Final Report:
Available online at: http://redingtonnrcd.org/Lowe%20San%20Pedro%20Watershed%20Assessment.htm
USGS Series Maps, Fact Sheets and Databases on Middle/Lower San Pedro River
Thomas, Blakemore E.
2006 Hydrogeologic investigation of the Middle San Pedro watershed, southeastern Arizona: a project of the Rural Watershed Initiative. Report Number 2006-3034. United States Geological Survey. Available online at: http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2006/3034/
Creasey, S. C.; Jackson, E. D.; Gulbrandsen, R. A.
1961 Reconnaissance geologic map of parts of the San Pedro and Aravaipa Valleys, south-central Arizona. USGS Report No. 238. Miscellaneous Field Studies Map.
United States Geological Survey.
Bolm, Karen S.
2002 Spatial Digital Database for the Geology of the San Pedro River Basin in Cochise, Gila, Graham, Pima, and Pinal Counties, Arizona. Report Number 2002-393, United States Geological Survey. Available online at: http://geopubs.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of02-393/
Jones, S. C.
1980 Maps showing ground-water conditions in the lower San Pedro Basin area, Pinal, Cochise, Pima, and Graham counties, Arizona; 1979. Available online at: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/usgspubs/ofr/ofr80954
More reports listed with USGS Publications Warehouse, type in key words: "San Pedro" Arizona
USGS Arizona Water Science Center Homepage with real-time stream-gaging info
Arizona Dept of Water Resources Websites with Reference to the area
Fact Sheet of the On-going Middle San Pedro Investigation (note: this is a 928 kb PDF file so if you are on dialup it may take a while)
Arizona Water Atlas